* Introduction video taken at the Western Wall (Kotel) - Jerusalem (click here)
(Scroll down the page for a list of all Articles and Videos)
"Master, will there only be a few people saved?" (Luke 13:23)
Someone once asked the Savior, “Lord, will there only be a few people saved” to which the Messiah answered “Strive to enter at the Narrow Gate, for many I tell you will seek to enter and will not be able to" (Luke 13:23-24)....
"Many will say to Me on that day, ' Lord, Lord,...and then I will declare to them, I never knew you; depart from me you who practice LAWLESSNESS" (Matt 7:22-23) - read more
Newly added videos that I believe will change the way you think about the Bible.
Newest video: The Trinity doesn't exist - Absolute Proof
In this recently added video (12.20.2022) I show how "no one, absolutely no one" in the Bible believed in a Trinity or the idea that the Messiah Yahoshua was God Almighty or claiming equality with God Almighty. It's true that on two occasions, possibly 3, John 5:18; 8:58; 10:30, he was accused of claiming equality with God, but as you'll see in the video that at his trial NO ONE ever brought such a charge against him. They accused Yahoshua the Messiah of "Trusting in God" not being God.
Rom 6:14 ".... you are not under law but under grace.
The apostle Paul tells us in Romans 6:14 that “we ar not under the Law but under grace”. Does not being “under the Law” mean that we are no longer required to obey God's Law? To misunderstand Paul, as the apostle Peter tells us, will cause many people to be destroyed. It would be worthwhile for you to watch the video and make sure that you are not among those that are misunderstanding Paul.
Romans 3:20 "no man is justified by the works of the Law"
Why after telling us that "only those who obey the Law will be justified" (Rom 2:13) does Paul say that 'no man will be justified by the deeds of the Law" (Rom 3:20)? Does Paul sound a little confusing in making those statements? According to the apostle Peter it sounds confusing (2 Pet 3:16). Peter tells us that some things Paul said "are hard to understand" (2 Pet 3:16). And this my friend is one of those things Paul said that many Christians misunderstand. BUT, what Peter also tells us is that people who are misunderstanding Paul "WILL BE DESTROYED". Are you one of those people who are misunderstanding some of the things Paul said? Find out.
Part 1 “The Hard Sayings of Paul” – 2 Pet 3:16
The apostle Peter tells us in 2 Peter 3:15-16 that the apostle Paul said some things that are hard to understand. And Peter goes on to tell us that people will be DESTROYED for their misunderstanding of those 'hard things' that Paul said. What could Paul have said that was of such importance that would cause people to be destroyed for their misunderstanding of it.
One example is Paul telling us in Romans 2:13 that “those who obey the Law will be justified”and in the very next chapter he says that “no man will be justified by the deeds of the Law” Rom 3:19-20. And latter on in the same chapter, Rom 3:31, Paul tells us that “we establish the Law through faith”
Confusing! Maybe not for you but it was for the apostle Peter.
Learn the answer to these supposedly contradictory statements made by Paul and much more in Part's 1 and 2 of “The Hard Sayings of Paul”.
Part 2 “The Hard Sayings of Paul – 2 Pet 3:16
In Part 2 of “the Hard Sayings of Paul” we'll take a look at:
* Act 21:25 “concerning the gentiles”
* Why Paul was to offer a “sin Sacrifice” while under a Nazirite Vow, roughly 20 years after the death and resurrection of the Messiah Yahoshua?
* Why the Messiah had to die for sins, if we'll told that we'll be forgiven if we repent?
* The meaning of “the righteous shall live by faith
* What sins we're forgiven on the Day of Atonement?
John 1:1 "In the beginning was the Word and Word was with God and the Word was God"
In John 1:1 we're told that the 'logos' meaning the Word, speaking of Yahoshua the Messiah, was “with God” and that he was the very God that he was with. Is this how the apostle John meant for us to understand his words here?
Again, if you have an honest heart and it's the truth that you are seeking, watch the video and you decide what it is John was telling us.
John 10:30 "I and the Father are one"
In John 10:30 after telling the Jews that “he and His Father are one” the Jews accused the Messiah of blasphemy. What did the Savior mean when he said that He and his Father are one? Was he explaining that he and his Father were part of a 3 – 1 god known as a Trinity? Would you be surprised to learn that 'we' his disciples are to be one “just as he and the Father are one”? (John 17:19:22).
Please view the video. It's very informative. I believe you'll learn things for the Scriptures that you might not have known before.
John 10:34 "I said you are gods"
1 John 10:34 "I said you are gods". The Messiah Yahoshua when accused of blasphemy by the Jews for saying that he and his Father are one he quoted Psalm 82:6 to them, saying "If He (the heavenly Father Yahuweh) called them gods to whom the word of God came why do you say that I'm blaspheming for saying that I am the Son of God? Who are these 'gods' in Psalm 82:6, for not only does the Almighty Yahuweh call these men gods, he also calls them “His children”. Most ministers don't know the answer to that question. Watch the video, I believe it will change the way you think about the Bible.
Col 2:9 "for in Him all the fullness of deity dwells in bodily form"
In Colossians 2:9 we're told that "the fullness of Deity/God" dwells in the Messiah Yahoshua. Does this 'fullness of God' make the Messiah the very God who is said to be dwelling in him? Or does it possibly make the Messiah Yahoshua "equal" to the very God that is in-dwelling him? Those questions and more are discussed in this video.
1 John 5:20 "...this is the true God and Eternal Life
The Messiah Yahoshua tells in John 17:3 that His Father is the Only True God and he, Yahoshua is the One that the Only True God sent. In John 20:17 after meeting Mary in the garden after his resurrection, he told Mary to "go to my brethren and say to them that I ascend to my Father and your Father, my God and your God. If the Messiah calls his Father His God and the Only True God then what 'God' is John talking about in 1 John 5:20 when he said "this is the true God and Eternal Life"?
Exo 3:15 Elohim, furthermore, said to Moses, "Yahuweh, ....' This is My name forever, and this is My memorial-name to all generations.
Did you know that the Heavenly Father put His Name in His book, the Bible, over 6,823 times? Why is it than that most people that read the Bible, Jew and Christian alike, never heard of the Almighty's Name? Is it important that you know the heavenly Fathe's Name? You be the judge Click here to read the articles and view the video.
Psa 83:18 That they may know that You alone, whose name is Yahuweh, Are the Most High over all the earth.
Isa 52:6 "Therefore My people shall know My name; therefore in that day I am the one who is speaking, 'Here I am.'"
Mal 3:16 Then those who feared Yahuweh spoke to one another, and Yahuweh gave attention and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before Him for those who fear Yahuweh and who esteem His name.
Mat 6:9 "Pray, then, in this way: 'Our Father who is in heaven, Hallowed be Your name.
Rom 9:17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, "for this very purpose I raised you up, to demonstrate my power in you and that My Name might be proclaimed throughout the whole earth."
Of course I'm not referring to the King James Bible used today, which is roughly the 25th revision of the original 1611 version. I'm referring to the original 1611 KJV.The name Jesus IS NOT in there one single time. Why? Read on to find the answer.
Are you aware that the letter “J” did not exist in any language on the face of the earth until the year 1520 A.D, and it did not come into popular use for roughly another 100 years. Consequently when the 1611 KJV was written the letter 'J' did not appear in it, not one single time.. Let me repeat that, “the original 1611 King James Bible does not contain the letter 'J' not even one time. If the letter 'J' didn't exist until the year 1520, and was never used in the 1611 King James Bible, than how could the Messiah's name have been pronounce “Jesus”? The answer is “it wasn't”. The One who died for the sins of Israel was never called by the name 'Jesus', nor did he or anyone else in his day ever hear the name 'Jesus'. Why? Because the name 'Jesus' would not have existed for roughly another 1,500 years. With that being the case then what name was Peter talking about when he said
Act 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
If the name 'Jesus' did not exist when Peter made this statement then what is the name by which we must be saved? For the answer as to what name it is that we must call on to be saved click here.
Who will be taken and Who will be left
The answer is almost sure to shock you - "click here"
"I said YOU are gods" John 10:34
Who are these "gods" that the Messiah is referring to?
When the Jews accused the Messiah of claiming to be God he quoted Psalm 82:6 and asked the question "If He, that is the Heavenly Father Yahuweh, called them, that is the judges of Israel, gods then why do you accuse me of blasphemy for saying that I am the Son of God?"
Most Christians are unaware of the fact that along with the judges of Israel being called 'gods' the angels, Moses, and Samuel the prophet are also referred to as 'gods' in the Bible. How is that possible when Yahuweh Himself tells us that "there is no God but Me" (Isaiah 43:10)? "click here" to find out the answer to this very important question.
The Trinity - Really?
(New Video - "Who is God" dtd 3.22.2022)
With billions of Christians believing in a Triune god, that is a 3 in 1 god known as the "Trinity" one would think that the Trinity is talked about throughout the entire Bible, and yet the fact is that such terms as "the Trinity", 'god the Son', 'god the Holy Spirit' or the 1st and 2nd persons of anything, are never mentioned in the Bible, not one single time. Why is that? Click here for the answer.
What 'must' we believe about the Messiah !
Please turn in your Bble to the passage where we're asked to believe that the Messiah Yahoshua is the 'god/man'.
Can't find it? How about the passage that tells us that the Messiah is the 2nd person of the Triune godhead? You say that's not there either? How about the passage that calls Messiah "god the son". No, again that term is never found in the Bible. Surely the word "Trinity" is on every page of the Bible. What's that, the word "Trinity" is never mentioned in the Bible! How is that possible? The fact is you're not going to find any of those phrases ever mentioned in the Bible and yet such terms are used by a majority of Christianity today.
If such terms as god/man, god the son. or the 2nd person of the Triune godhead or Trinity are never mentioned in the Bible then what exactly are we told to believe about the Messiah Yahoshua? In this article we'll be taking a look at everything the Bible tells us about the Messiah and what it is we MUST believe about Him in order to be saved. To view the article "click here".
Listed below are all the articles and videos that are posted on the website. I categorized them under the subtitles that they pertain to. All of the articles were written with the intent of clarifying a particular subject. For instance Part 3 of the Hard Sayings of Paul entitled "The Law in both the Old and New Covenants" discusses things pertaining to both the Law and the Old and New Covenants, so that article would be listed under both subtitles "The Heavenly Fathers Law" as well as under "The Covenants both Old and New".
If anyone has any questions or comments about something that I said in any of articles or videos please let me know and I'll try to explain it more clearly. If you should disagree with something that I said in any of the articles or videos “Please, out of love for my soul and those that will be reading what it is that I said - let me know.”
As many people are today, I'm of the opinion that the Messiah will be returning soon. If I'm wrong then so be it, but if I'm right then there's not a lot time left for people to start taking seriously the things the Heavenly Father,Yahuweh said, such as:
Jer 29:13 “you will seek Me and find Me when you search for Me with all your heart”
How many are there today that are actually seeking Yahuweh “with all their hearts”? If you're not then I can assure you that you'll never find Him.
"This is Eternal Life to know You Father the Only True God and the Messiah Yahoshua, whom you have sent" John 17:3
Is the Almighty made up of three different and distinct beings, known as a Trinity. Or is the Heavenly Father alone the Only True Elohim (G-d)? Find out the answer in the articles below, before it's to late.
There are many 'gods' mentioned in the Bible, such as the Judges of Israel, angels, Samuel the prophet and Moses. But as the Messiah tells us there is Only One True God, that being the Father, Yahuweh. Read the article "The Only True God" for a full explanation.
Everything the Bible teaches about the Messiah Yahoshua
What did Peter, Paul, John and the rest of the Messiah's disciples teach and preach about Him? What did the religious leaders of Yahoshua's day say and believe about him? You'll find all the answer in the article as to what was said and believed about the Messiah Yahoshua, along with a number of things that were never said, but are believed on by many today.
Let the Bible Speak for Itself
Listed in the article "Let the Bible speak for itself" you find many passages from the Bible that most in Christianity today DO NOT believe. Why ?
Below are a list of passages that are often times misunderstood by Christians and used in an attempt to support a 'Trinity'.
"In the Beginning was the Word....." John 1:1
"I and the Father are One" John 10:30
How many are sitting on the Almighty's throne?
1 John 5:20 "This is the only true Elohim (G-d)
I said you are gods" John 10:34
Rev 3:14, Col 1:15-16, Heb 1:1-2 and Genesis 1:26 The Beginning and the End
Col 2:8-9 In Him all the fullness of the Godhead dwells
1 John 5:20 "This is the only true Elohim (G-d)
John 8:58 Is the Messiah claiming to be the great "I Am"?
1 John 5:7 "There are three that bear record in Heaven...."
Should We Worship the Messiah? Definitely, but why?
What "must" we believe about the Messiah Yahoshua?
2 Thessalonians 2:12 "God will cause them to believe a LIE
Did the apostle Paul do away with the Heavenly Father's Law? - Absolutely not!
The apostle Peter tells us that some of the things that Paul said are "hard to understand", hard for even for the apostle Peter to understand (2 Pet 3:14-17). But Peter, unlike most Christians today, had a good understanding of the Scriptures and was therefore able to discern what it was that Paul meant when he said such things as: "we're not under the Law" - Rom 6:14, "by the works of the Law no flesh shall be justified in His sight" - Rom 3:20 etc...
Most of Christianity today due to their lack of understanding of the Scriptures are misunderstanding the things Paul said concerning the Law and will therefore, as Peter tells us, they will be DESTROYED for that misunderstand.
In Matthew 7:21-23 the Messiah tells us that on Judgment Day many people that "thought" they were saved will find out when it's to late that not only were they never saved but that the Messiah NEVER KNEW THEM. Why didn't He know them? Because of their LAWLESSNESS. As with most Christians today these people were deceived into thinking that the Law/Torah did not have to be obey, or possibly they realized that it had to be obeyed and they weren't obeying it. Regardless of the reason these people were not obeying the Law and therefore all the "prophesying, casting out of demons, and wonderful works" they did they missed out on Salvation (Matt 7:22). Don't be included in that number on Judgment Day that find out when it's to late that because of their misunderstanding of some of Paul's writings they will be "destroyed".
Paul clearly states that "if we live without the Law, that is the Torah, we will perish without the Law....Only the doers of the Law shall be justified before Yahuweh" Romans 2:11-13
"Do we abolish the Law through faith? Yahuweh forbid! just the opposite, we establish the Law through faith" Romans 3:31
Below is a list of some of those things Paul said that many people are misunderstanding and consequently will be destroyed for.
Matt 5:17-19 What did the Savior mean by "I came to fulfill the Law"
Paul "I do the very EVIL I do not want to do" Rom 7:19 (Long Version)
Rom 7:15 I practice the very evil that I do not want to do (Short Version)
Luke 16:16 "everyone is forcing his way into the Kingdom of Yahuweh"
Col 2:16-17 "Let no man judge you…"
Why do we not sacrifice animals today?
Rom 10:4 - Isn't the Messiah the "end" to the Law?
But aren't we under the law of Messiah (Christ)?
Col 2:14 Wasn't the Law nailed to the Tree?
"The Law is our Tutor..." Gal 3:24
Rom 3:20 "By the deeds of the Law there shall no flesh be Justified."
Rom 6:14-15 "We're not under the Law" ?
2 Thessalonians 2:12 "God will cause them to believe a LIE
Acts 21 and the Law - an in depth study
Are there 'only' 10 Commandments? No.
The Heavenly Father's Law / Torah
"Baptism - which now saves you" 1 Peter 3:21
The Greek word 'baptizo' simply means to be 'immerse'. As important as the act of being baptized/immersed is, so is the reason we are baptize/immersed. If you were baptized in order to 'to join a particular church', or 'because you erroneously thought that you were following the Messiah's example in being baptized' than your baptism was not for the right reason and consequently your sins were never forgiven.
Our Baptism has to be for a specific reason and that reason is for the forgiveness of our sins (Act 2:38). Yahoshua tells us that those "who believe and are baptized will be saved" (Mark 16:16).
The apostle Paul after meeting the Messiah on the road to Damascus fasted without food and water for 3 days (Act 9:9). After which time the Messiah himself appeared to Ananias and told him that Paul was praying (Act 9:11) and I think it's safe to assume that Paul prayed for the 3 days that he fasted. And yet when Paul came to Ananias, Ananias told Paul to "get up and be baptized and wash away your sins" - Act 22:16. Paul said what I believe was possibly the longest "sinner's prayer" that's ever been said, and yet his sins were not forgiven until be was baptized "for the forgiveness of his sins".
Was your baptism for the right reason? If not you can be assured your sins were never washed away.
See the article "Baptism Now Saves you" 1 Peter 3:21
- The Rapture - Who will be taken and who will be left- The Answer may surprise you!
- The History of the Rapture
The Old and New Covenants - What are they? - A three part series on the Covenants
As amazing as it may sound most Christians today have no idea what the New Covenant actually is. In this video, and the articles on the website, it will be shown that the New Covenant IS NOT the Letters from Matthew to Revelation. and the Old Covenant IS NOT the Books from Genesis to Malachi. Then what is the New Covenant? View the video and learn possibly for the first time just what the New Covenant actaully is.
Part 1 - the Abrahamic Covenant
Part 2 - The 'Old' Covenant
Part 3 - The New Covenant - What is it?
The Heavenly Father's Name
"When you pray, pray in this way: 'Our Father who is in heaven, Hallowed be Your name."
How many Christians in the world have recited that prayer and yet have no idea what Name it is that Messiah is telling us to hallow? The word “hallow” means to “venerate, sanctify (that is to make holy), to consecrate. Is it possiible to sanctify or venerate a name that you've never even heard of ? Of course not. Why is it that most of the world has never heard of the Heavenly Father's Name? Did you know that He, the heavenly Father, put His Name in His Book 6,823 times and the Christian translators removed it 6,823 times and substituted it with the words “the LORD” and occassionally with the word “GOD”?
The Father's Name was never taken out of the Hebrew scriptures and yet in Judaism the reader is forbidden to say the Name when reading the text. He substitutes it with “Adoni” (my Lord). Why, why did the Christians translators take the Name out of the Bible, and why are the Jews forbidden to say it? Those questions and many more will be answer in the article entitled “Yahuweh that is My Name FOREVER". In addition there are two videos listed at the bottom of that article which go into a more indepth explaintion.
No other Name given among Men by which we MUST be saved... Acts 4:12
Would you be surprised, or even shocked to learn that the letter "J" did not exist in any language on the face of the earth until the 16th century? If that were true, which of course it is , then what Name was the Messiah called by when he walked the earth? It was absolutely NOT 'Jesus'. The name 'Jesus' is such a relatively new name that it doesn't even appear in the orginal 1611 KJV Bible. If the Messiah never heard the name 'Jesus' then what name was he called by? What is than the ONLY NAME given among men by which we must be saved? Watch the video and read the articles
"No other Name given among men...." Acts 4:12
Part 1 - the story of my growing up in the projects in Cleveland and how the heavenly Father, Yahuweh, brought me to Jerusalem some 36 years later, waiting for the Messiah's return. Of which I'm convinced will be very soon.
Part 2 - from Baptism to the Trinity. The Almighty showed me the importance of Baptism and how He, the Heavenly Father Yahweh, is the Only True Elohim (G-d) - John 17:3
Judges and Officers at Our Gates
“Gum su la tovah”- even this is for good
613 commandments down to one - "The Righteous shall live by faith"
2 Thessalonians 2:12 "God will cause them to believe a LIE
A Wise Man or a Fool - Which are you?
Acts 21 and the Law - an in depth study
Masoretic Text - used in all Bibles today
Jerusalem - The Center of the Earth - Ezekiel 38:3
The Sea of Galilee at 5 in the morning
The sun getting ready to set over the Sea of Galilee (a 30 minutes video)
From Conception to Birth - an Amazing Video about the miracle of Life
Tours of the Old City Jerusalem:
- From the Jaffa Gate to the Kotel (Western Wall)
- Masada - The Story of Masada and some short video clips of the top of the Mountain
- Tour around the Walls of the Old City - Jerusalem
- Tour of the Old City Jerusalem - from the Jaffa Gate to the Kotel (Western Wall)
- Tour of the Old City Jerusalem - From the Jaffa Gate to the Damascus Gate
Did the Heavenly Father give His Law to Israel only to change His mind some 1,500 years later and do away with it? No, we’re told numerous times throughout the Scriptures that the Almighty's Law will endure "forever". The Savior himself could not have made it any clearer when he said that "until heaven and earth passes away not the smallest stroke will pass from the Law" (Matt 5:18-19).
Has heaven and earth passed away yet? Of course not. Then why is it that so many Christians today believe that the Law was done away with when the Messiah died?
The reason for all the confusion today among Christians concerning the heavenly Father's Law is due to the misunderstanding that so many have about things the apostle Paul said in some of his letters concerning the Law, things that the apostle Peter tells us “are hard to understand” (2 Pet 3:16). Things such as “no man can be justified by the Law” (Rom 3:20). Was the apostle Paul implying that the Law did not have to be obeyed any longer? Doesn't he clearly tell us in Romans 2:13 that it will only be “the doers of the Law that will be justified” (Rom 2:13). And doesn't he make it clear in Rom 3:31 that “we establish the Law through faith”?
Are you beginning to see where all the confusion comes in for so many Christians today concerning the Law? The confusion is due to some of the things that Paul said concerning the Law, things that the apostle Peter tells us “are hard to understand” (2 Pet 3:15-16). Peter goes on to say that becuae of the misunderstanding that so many people have concerning some of the things Paul said that those people “will be destroyed” (2 Pet 3:16).
Friend I'm sure that you believe it's everyone else that's confused about some of things Pual said concerning the Law, things such as the example I mentioned about about “being justified by the Law” (Rom 2:13). But let me assure you that in all likelihood you are definitely among those that are misunderstanding things Paul said concerning the Law. If you'll take the time to read 2 Peter 3:16 you'll find that those that are confused about Paul's writing will “be destroyed” because of that misunderstanding.
If your Salvation is important to you you'll take the time to click on the links below and read the articles entitled “The Hard Sayings of Paul” parts 1 thru 4, before it's to late.
Many are going to say on that day “Lord, Lord and he's going to say to them “depart frm me I never knew you, you worker of Lawlessness”. (Matt 7:23).
Lawlessness is a violation of the heavenly Father's Law. Don't be among that crowd that “thought” they were saved only to find out when it was to late that the Messiah “never” knew them.
Take the time now to read through the articles. You'll be eternally grateful that you did - Reuven
In Part 1 we’ll examine the reason for Peter saying what he did about Paul's writings being hard to understand. In order to better understand Paul's writings, we'll take a closer look at why it was necessary for the Messiah Yahoshua to have to die in order for our sins to be forgiven. If the Almighty tells us that He'll forgive us if we "repent," than why was it necessary for the Savior to suffer and die in order for our sins to be forgiven?
If the Savior died to save us from “sin” (Matthew 1:21) and since sin is a violation of Yahuweh’s Law (1 John 3:4) then why did Paul say the following:
In Part 3, we’ll take an in-depth look at the role that Yahuweh’s Law has in the New Testament. The vast majority of Christians today believe that although the Heavenly Father required His Law to be obeyed in the Old Testament, it no longer has to be obeyed in the New. This misunderstanding is based in part on the misconception that most Christians, including their "ministers," have today as to what the “New Testament” actually is:
How many times have you heard ministers give an arousing sermon on Malachi 3:6 and how Yahuweh said, “I do not change,” and then turn right around and explain how Yahuweh changed his mind concerning His Law! All throughout Israel's history, the heavenly Father sent prophet after prophet telling them to repent, turn back to the Law, and stop sinning. But, according to the same ministers, they say that the apostles preached that Yahuweh supposedly did away with His Law.
A Law that we are told is “perfect” (Psalm 19:7);
A law that Paul tells us is “righteous, holy and good” (Romans 7:12), and that "only those who obey it will be saved" (Rom 2:13).
Beginning with the "Introduction to the Hard Sayings of Paul" please continue to read the four parts listed below. There's a lot of information in those 5 articles that most ministers aren't aware of. - Reuven
Part 1 - The Hard Sayings of Paul (Peter tells us that people will be destroyed for their misunderstanding of things Paul said. You don't want to be one of those people)
Part 2 - Objections People Have To obeying God's Law (What did Paul mean by "we're not under the Law"; "no man can be justified by the Law; etc. those are some of the things Paul said that many people today are misunderstanding),
Part 3 - The Law in the Old and New Covenants (The 'New Covenant IS Yahweh's Law upon the hearts of His People - Jer 31:31-34; Heb 8:8-13)
Part 4 - I Yahuweh does not change - Malachi 3:6 (Did Yahweh 'change His Mind about His holy, righteous, and perfect Law - Never - Roman 7:12; Psa 19:7)
Romans chapter 7 Paul "I do the very evil that I do not want to do